What types of pests can a pest exterminator handle? 

Many people find that pests annoy them, damage their property or pose health hazards. Some pests may be carriers of diseases that affect humans or pets, such as rabies and West Nile virus. Others carry allergens that aggravate pre-existing conditions, such as asthma and allergies. Pesticides are often used to control pests, but their proper use is essential for safety. Pesticides should be selected for the pest, applied properly and disposed of in accordance with local, state and federal laws. 

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Pests can damage your property and increase the cost of repairing it. They can also cause harm to wildlife and the environment, making it important to prevent them whenever possible. Some pests, such as ants, bees and flies, can carry disease-causing bacteria. Other pests, such as roaches and bed bugs, can bite or sting people, causing discomfort and pain. 

Integrated pest management (IPM) includes a combination of practices that reduces and controls pests in a way that minimizes or avoids the use of chemicals. It starts with careful inspections to identify and understand the problem, followed by a plan of action to solve it. Some non-chemical methods of control include sealing cracks and crevices, storing food in airtight containers, removing or replacing rotting wood, mowing the lawn regularly, picking up debris and securing garbage cans. 

For example, a professional can examine the structure to see where water and warmth enter the house and seal the area with caulking or duct tape. They can also plug openings in walls, floors and ceilings with spray foam insulation, knitted copper mesh or steel wool to prevent rodents from using them as runways. They can also review HVAC components to ensure that they are properly insulated and sealed. 

Some pests, such as gnats and fruit flies, are attracted to moist areas, so keeping garbage cans, compost piles and pet litter covered helps prevent them from entering the house. Ants are another common household pest that can enter a house through open windows or doors or through crawl spaces and basements. You can treat ant infestations with store-bought ant baits, but you should consider hiring a pest control company to handle large ant colonies or to get rid of wasps and other aggressive pests. 

The best pest control companies will have experience treating the specific pests you need help with. Some will offer a broad range of plans, while others have specialized treatment options for a few types of pests. When comparing different companies, ask about the type of pests they target and their methods of treatment, and be sure to read their terms and conditions carefully. For instance, some companies require an in-home inspection before they can provide an accurate quote.